The Oglala, or Scatter Their Own, are one of the seven bands of the Tetonowan (Lakota or Dwellers of the Prairie) of the Great Sioux Nation. Historically, they were warriors and hunters and expert horsemen.
Pine Ridge Reservation is the home of the Oglala Lakota Nation, or Oglala Sioux Tribe, in southwestern South Dakota. It is the eighth-largest reservation in the United States and borders the Nebraska state line to the south, Rosebud Indian Reservation to the east and Badlands National Park to the north. The reservation makes up the entirety of Oglala Lakota County, the southern half of Jackson County and the northwest portion of Bennet County. The Tribal headquarters is located in the town of Pine Ridge, and residents live in one of 21 tribal communities or in scattered rural homes across the reservation.