The Sicangua Lakota Oyate, or the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, are descendants of the Sicangu Oyate (Burnt Thigh People) of the Tetonwan (Lakota or Dwellers of the Prairie) people of the Oceti Sakowin. Historically, they were warriors and hunters and expert horsemen.
The Rosebud Indian Reservation is located in south central South Dakota and borders the Pine Ridge Reservation on its northwest corner and the State of Nebraska border to the south. The reservation is primarily located in Todd County, with significant land reserves in the neighboring five counties. There are twenty communities within the Reservation, and the Tribal headquarters is located in Rosebud. The reservation has large areas of Ponderosa Pine forest scattered in its grasslands, as well as deep valleys with steep hills and ravines, and often lakes in the deeper valleys.